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Volleyball injuries span shoulders, legs and hands
August 18, 2016
Rotator cuff tendonitis
Rotator cuff tendonitis is often associated with repetitive overhead activities and we see it in patients who do housekeeping, construction work and various other actions and sports (throwing and volleyball). There is inflammation of the rotator cuff tendons and the lubricating bursa above the tendons. The most common symptom is an aching pain in the shoulder that radiates down the outside of the upper arm.
Treating rotator cuff tendonitis
Treatment usually includes rest or activity modification to limit overhead activities, ice to the affected area, anti-inflammatory medications (Advil, ibuprofen, Aleve, etc.), and physical therapy/home exercise programs to strengthen the rotator cuff muscles in a way that does not inflame the tendons further.
Ankle sprains are common in volleyball. Typically, a player comes down after jumping and lands unevenly on the court or sand. Pain is usually immediate often followed by swelling and bruising. Ankle sprains occur when the ligaments that support the ankle are stretched too far and tear. Sprains can range from mild to severe.
Treating ankle sprains
Mild sprains can be treated with rest, icing the ankle, elevation, and compression to decrease swelling. Serious sprains can make your ankle more susceptible to future sprains. This type of sprain is often treated with rest, immobilization in a removeable boot, crutches, and possibly surgery if the ankle remains unstable even with conservative treatment. Patellar tendonitis is inflammation to the tendon connecting the patella (kneecap) to the tibia (shin bone). This tendon assists with muscles to allow the leg to fully straighten, which is essential to many sports that involve running, kicking, and jumping. It is often called “jumper’s knee,” as it often occurs in sports where jumping is frequent, including volleyball and basketball. Pain is often localized right below the patella, and can be painful to the touch. Treatment usually includes rest, ice, limiting jumping activities, a patellar tendon strap, and physical therapy/home exercises.
Finger sprains are common in volleyball and occur most often when a player is blocking the opposing team as they spike the ball. The finger is usually bent in an unusual way that causes injury to the ligaments that support the bones of the finger joints. Pain is usually immediate to the injured joint and swelling and bruising is common. There is often restriction of the movement of the finger due to pain.
Treating finger sprains
Treatment usually consists of ice, rest, and taping the finger to the adjoining normal finger while the ligaments heal.
Good luck to all the Olympic volleyball players as play continues throughout Aug. 21!
Author: Gretchen Meador, PA-C, physician assistant to Dr. Richard Cunningham, M.D. Vail-Summit Orthopaedics
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